Timeline Essen

1000 First pioneers in this region are farmers. Agriculture is still very important today.
1159 The name "Essen" appears for the first time in writings. Arnold De Brabander donates the whole region to the abbey of Tongerlo. Essen, Kalmthout and Roosendaal constitute the parish of Nispen.
1264  Start of the peat exploitation. Foundation of  Huijbergen that is transferred to the Wilhelmieten monk order/
1449 Large-scale peat exploitation. Digging of "de Roosendaalse vaart" and beginning of "Nieuwmoer".
1510 Roosendaal becomes an independent parish, apart from the mother church in Nispen 
1551 Kalmthout also independent parish. 
1582 Depopulation of the region due to the Eighty Years' War. 
1648 End of the Eighty Years' War peace of Munster. Fixation of the border between Northern and Southern Netherlands
1710 "De Mikse Vaart" is being dug.
1734 End of the commercial peat exploitation                                                                                                           
1798 The French republic takes possession of the land of the Tongerlo abbey. Castle domains "Hemelrijk" and "De Greef" are being built
1802 Essen definitely seperates from mother church in Nispen                                                                                       
1830 Independence of Belgium
1906 - 1908 Foundation of monastery and school "Eucharistisch Hart" by redemptorist father Godts: "De Rommeshoef".
1914 - 1918 First World war with construction of electric wire. Till the end of the war Essen will be situated in a kind of "henhouse" (no man's land)
1940 - 1945 Second World War: All churches and town hall are being destroyed, except for the church at "Rouwmoer".
1952 Opening of the new town hall and a sanctification of church in Essen centre.



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